Eczema is a chronic skin condition caused by different triggers. Most eczemas are related to allergies or stress. Eczema results with dry and redness skin. In difficult cases may become inflamed. Symptoms may go away for a weeks or months and come back from time to time if presence any triggers.
Usually, eczema appears in early childhood, before age of 5 years but some people have eczema for the first time as an adult.
There are different types of eczema. Atopic dermatitis is the common type of eczema.
- Intense emotional stress
- Chemical substances
- Improper nutrition
- Allergy (animal, pollen, dust, food)
- Physical irritants (fabrics, wool)
People with eczema must carefully figure out what triggers lead to eczema and should avoid them.
The symptoms may vary from person to person and may change over time. One of the most frequently symptoms are dryness, redness and itching. Other symptoms which indicate to eczema are swollen and extra dry skin. In difficult causes, skin may become cracked and scaly. In this cases, the patient must consult a doctor.
There is no one test to diagnose eczema or atopic dermatitis. The symptoms of eczema are similar with the symptoms of the other skin diseases and allergies. People that suffer from some skin disorder, must consult a dermatologist and a allergist. The following signs may indicate to eczema: sensitive skin, very dry skin, itchy skin, allergic reactions, rash that first time appeared before the age of 5, family history of eczema, rash which appear, go away and come back from time to time.
How you can prevent or reduce eczema flare-ups?
- Reduce the stress.
- Use lukewarm water for shower.
- Use low-pH, fragrance-free and dye-free cleansers.
- Pat your skin dry after bathing and leave a little moisture on the skin.
- Use hydrating moisturizer, fragrance-free and enriched in zinc and B vitamins.
- Avoid exposure to: extreme temperatures, dry air and humidity air.
- Avoid any triggers which may cause eczema.
- Wear soft, cotton clothes.
- Use mild laundry detergent.
Depending your health condition, the doctor will determine the therapy:
- People with adequate vitamin D have milder eczema symptoms than those who have low levels of vitamin D. Enjoy the sun rays.
- Some corticosteroid creams may help in the treatment but to use corticosteroid, you must consult a doctor.
- Using creams and ointments that have calming effects may help reduce itching.
- Oral antihistamines can help relieve itching.
- In difficult cases antibiotic reduces skin infections.