Plants contain a lot of vitamins and minerals. They are also reach in compounds – natural chemicals, known as phytonutrients or phytochemicals.
Phytonutrients protect the plants from different germs, fungi and other terms.
Phytonutrients aren’t essential for a human health but, they keep body working properly and also may help prevent different diseases.
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Food pyramid is a guide for healthy diet, divides into levels. Every level shows recommended intake for each food group.
Food pyramid shows types of foods and how much we should eat every day. Food is divided on six basic groups and four levels. Health condition of our body depends on kind of the food we eat and how is it rich in vitamins and minerals.
Higher floors in food pyramid has less area in the pyramid and the food that is displayed in them, should be taken in small quantities. Continue reading “Food Pyramid”
The food culture is based on a century-old experience of selecting plants and animals with nutrition qualities. The term food, means everything that is used as food and drink in processed or unprocessed form, as well as spices, dyes and other substances that are added in the food for preservation that improves their appearance, smell or taste. Human choose food depending of food properties – appearance, taste, smell.
Food is classified in food groups. It is a source of vitamins, minerals, proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Commonly are known six basic food groups.
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These high value foods are good for health if we use them in small quantities but, they become dangerous for health when are taken in increased quantities.
By intake variety of foods, without additions of oils and fats, we get a sufficient amount of fats which is necessary for normal toxins changes.
Continuous intake of more calories than we need, leads to overweight (obesity). This condition can cause cardiovascular and other diseases.
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Carbohydrates are also known as sugars. Carbohydrates are organic compounds which molecules are made by three biogenic elements: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
Carbohydrates appear as the main source of energy and are important building material of cells structures. Carbohydrates can be easily stored as reserve materials. They are the most important source of energy and provide 55 to 60 percent of total daily energy.
Found in two types:
- Simple – monosaccharides
- Complex – oligosaccharides and polysaccharides.
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To improve general health, except proteins and vitamins, it is necessary intake of minerals. They constitute the tissue fluids and cells, which has the role of building blocks and the role of biocatalysts.
Minerals which are part of our body are divided in:
- minerals that are found in large quantities in the body – macro elements (phosphorus and sulfur)
- minerals that are found in small quantities in the body – the trace elements.
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Proteins are the main source of materials for building of the muscle, blood, skin, hair, nails and internal organs, including the heart and brain. They are important for developing of all body tissues.
Proteins consist small building blocks, simple molecules – amino acids. There are twenty different amino acids that build a lot of different proteins. Amino acids build 2 proteins groups:
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