Carbohydrates are also known as sugars. Carbohydrates are organic compounds which molecules are made by three biogenic elements: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
Carbohydrates appear as the main source of energy and are important building material of cells structures. Carbohydrates can be easily stored as reserve materials. They are the most important source of energy and provide 55 to 60 percent of total daily energy.
Found in two types:
- Simple – monosaccharides
- Complex – oligosaccharides and polysaccharides.